1. Starting Project: New Title: Paper or Plastic - The Total Opt Out (On Demand, Virtual, Environmentally Friendly Container Cube)
The no mess, non-physical container created from six-sided interwoven electrical and magnetic fields. The resultant fields are so small as to exclude the smallest atoms and subatomic particles.
2. Statement of the Problem
Globally plastic bags, packaging and containers provide consumers with a method for carrying food and goods. Unfortunately more than 90% this mass is discarded and becomes an enormous burden in landfills, waterways, and the oceans of the world.
The Environmental Protection Agency United States 2010 solid waste numbers in Figure 6 (1) details for the "Containers & Packaging" category at 30.3% for Municipal Solid Waste weighing 75.75 million tons. This yearly weight is equivalent to 19 million cars (2 tons) placed end to end the cars (15 ft long) wrapping around the world 9.5 times. This yearly plastic waste ends up in landfills or accumulates in the oceans.
|(1) Figure 6. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA), Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010, EPA-530-F-11-005, December 2011, www.epa.gov/wastes.|
Marine debris has become a large environmental problem and one of the largest contaminants are plastic and paper bags, caps and lids, and food wrappers and containers. In Table 4 (2) below from the United Nations Environment Programme publication Marine Litter: A Global Challenge, the bag and container portion adds up to 27.4% of marine debris.
|(2) United Nations Environment Programme, UNEP, 2009.
Marine Litter: A Global Challenge. Nairobi: UNEP. 196 pp.
3. The Goals
Goal One: Create a "virtual" container that can be created using electromagnetic fields and can be eliminated by turning off the power to the fields.
Goal Two: The container will be driven with a small voltage and fold up into a small footprint for reuse. The substances held in the cube will not touch the field and not leave a residue when poured out or when the field is removed.
Goal Three: The container will hold liquids, solids or gases without leakage from the container.
Goal Four: No atoms can interfere or degrade the material in the cube resulting in the ability of the cube to hold the contents over long periods of time.
Goal Five: Cubes can be stacked within a special frame of a nonconductive plastic.
Goal Six: The ultimate container would be resizable to any length and size and able to hold weights of 100 to 200 pounds while still carrying the feature of stowing away into a small footprint.
4. The Four-Step Process
We have introduced Polya's (How to Solve It) method for solving problems. Let's review how we have applied the method here:
Step 1. Understanding the Problem
What is the unknown? The science of making electrostatic force fields with a low voltage/low amperage input has not been explained fully in physics and electrical theory. Many scientists have proposed and proven to a degree that standard physics and electromagnetic theory do not provide suitable answers to the real interaction of electricity, magnetism and gravity. From the data obtainable at present a composite understanding of the application of the three components of basic energy will be compiled to apply to the forces required to make the Cube.
What are the data? The data, although available, is not presented on the whole through normal scientific channels. A list of the some of the obtained documents and websites that explain the energy types and generation devices required to make the forces fields are listed at the end of this 3rd round report.
What is the condition? Traditional science and physics had not focused on force fields per se, but look to detail phenomena with experiments and mathematical models. The condition required to produce the fields for the Cube would occur during an experimental session making unusual coils and windings with potential some other unexplored electromechanical phenomena.
What is known? There are great You-Tube videos on different types of coils to create magnetic field with properties different from the
Step 2. Devising a Plan
Do you know a related problem? Yes - the UK government has a task force in place to find a way to prevent armor piercing missiles from attacking tanks. The link to that article is here. One difference between the UK force field and the one proposed for the Cube is the high voltage supply required to make the force field viable in the field and the very low voltage suggested to run a series of perpendicular fields. The design plans keeps several large capacitors charged at all times onboard the tank so that the field could be released for the split second of time the missile would be near the surface of the tank armor. In this design timing is almost everything.
Look at the unknown. Here is a problem related to yours and solved before. Could you use it?
Sadly no, I could not find another problem like the one I am attempting to solve creatively. I wish there a few more hints available in the literature, but I have not given up by any means.
Could you restate the problem? Yes - this is a good exercise for this project. This project
Step 3. Carrying Out the Plan
Carry out the plan. The plan to create a prototype is still being researched, though I have decided that experimental Rodin coils may be able to produce the linear magnetic fields needed to make a force field wall. The Rodin coils are very experimental and have been tested to use much less electrical power than typical coils used in most all electronics and the magnetic field is linear. This is a link to a person testing their Rodin Coil with FerroFluid on YouTube. you can see a magnetic torus formed in the middle which is actually a fluid.
Check each step Carefully considering the best solution to create the fields.
Step 4. Looking Back
Can you check the result? Too soon to look back at anything since it does not exist yet.
Can you use the result, or the method, for some other problem? If my proposed Cube design works, there would be a myriad of other applications.
5. Future Work
This Cube requires quite large understanding of parts of science that has not been explored for this purpose and may require large revisions to produce a working prototype that even demonstrates a concept. Certainly an animation of the way it is expected to operate in practice would be inline.
6. Websites and Links to the Science of Electromagnetic Fields and Forces
A. Electrogravitics Systems (declassified document)
Gravity Research Group
Aviation Studies (International) Limited
Special Weapons Study Unit
29-31 Cheval Place, Knightsbridge
London, S.W.7. England
Comment: This document is packed with experiments and results. Some of the most notable are:
a. Describes testing performed on a vehicle. The essence of electrogravitics thrust is the use of a very strong positive charge on one side of the vehicle and a negative on the other. The core of the motor is a condenser and the ability of the condenser to hold its charge (the k-number) is the yardstick of performance. With air as 1, current dielectrical materials can yield 6 and use of barium aluminate can raise this considerably, barium titanium oxide (a baked ceramic) can offer 6,000 and there is promise of 30,000, which would be sufficient for supersonic speed.
b. Gravity may be defined as a small scale departure from Euclidean space in the general theory of relativity. The gravitational constant is one of four dimensionless constants: first, the mass relation of the nucleon and electron. Second is (e*e)/(h*c) [equation form], third, the Compton wavelength of the proton, and fourth is the gravitational constant, which is the ratio of the electrostatic.
B. United States Patent 7,379,286, "Quantum vacuum energy extraction", Haisch, et al., May 27, 2008
Comment: This patent was issued for a science that has taken off for those people seeking a major improvement of their automobile gas mileage. The Kasmir effect is well known in such circle where getting more out their gasoline engines is a way of life. The bubbles created between the very small gap between the electrically energized metal plates does cause an increase in energy in the bubbles. The bubble air is fed into the gasoline engine along with the normal air intake and has been very well documented to created noticeable increases in gas mileage.
A Big Surprise from the Edge of the Solar System, NASA
NASA> Science News >Science@NASA Headline News >2011 >A Big Surprise from the Edge of the Solar System
Comment: June 9, 2011: NASA's Voyager probes are truly going where no one has gone before. Gliding silently toward the stars, 9 billion miles from Earth, they are beaming back news from the most distant, unexplored reaches of the solar system.
"The Voyager probes appear to have entered a strange realm of frothy magnetic bubbles," says astronomer Merav Opher of Boston University. "This is very surprising." The animated video suggests that the far sun near Voyager has compressed magnetic fields when distant from the sun and this compression produces magnetic bubbles. They state the magnetic fields where the bubbles are are weak - but that may only be a relative to the massive magnetic fields around a sun.
D. Amazing Magnetic Fluids August 23, 2002: Home >Science News >Science@NASA Headline News >2002 >Amazing Magnetic Fluids
"We call them magnetorheological fluids--or 'MR fluids' for short," says Alice Gast, a professor of chemical engineering at MIT. "They're liquids that harden or change shape when they feel a magnetic field."
Astronauts onboard the International Space Station are studying strange fluids that might one day flow in the veins of robots and help buildings resist earthquakes.
Above: The Dong Ting Lake Bridge in China is equipped with magnetorheological motion dampers to counteract gusts of wind.
Above: The structure of particles in an MR fluid gradually changes when an alternating magnetic field is applied. The leftmost picture shows an MR fluid after 1 second of exposure to a fast-changing magnetic field. The suspended particles form a strong, fibrous network. The pictures to the right show the fluid after 3 minutes, 15 minutes and 1 hour of exposure. The particles have formed clumps that offer little structural support.
Comments: This material is very much like nano-ferrofluid I have demonstrated to children during outreaches at the Nuclear Museum and the article discusses later. The difference between this fluild-like MR substance is the fluid is water with a rheological material in the mix like cornstarch (also a nano tech demo for kids.) The presence of the MR may be a good way to get clues by showing how MR responds and how they may be forced to form a solid field. I have played with ferro-fluid enough to know that magnetic fields are far more complex than the simple mathematics that are often said to describe their real activity.
"Invisible Electrostatic Wall" at 3M Adhesive Tape Plant
Aug 1996 W. Beaty, Session 7: Special Session, 17th Annual Eos/Esd Symposium Thursday, September 14, 1995, 8:00 am
David Swenson of 3M Corporation describes an anomaly where workers encountered a strange "invisible wall" in the area under a fast-moving sheet of electrically charged polypropylene film in a factory. This "invisible wall" was strong enough to prevent humans from passing through. A person near this "wall" was unable to turn, and so had to walk backwards to retreat from it.
Comment: In a past incarnation at Dupont I coated many rolls of experimental film with photoconductive surfaces. Static charge on the surface of the film must be countered with ion deposition for large coating runs or the surfaced will stick together forming one of the largest capacitors I have every seen. I understand that charges can build-up on plastic surfaces readily. There are a few comments at the end of the incident description and all of them are plausible, but the phenomena of the wall that would not allow the person to turn around is very interesting indicating a very linear field.